The Ancient Acropolis and Parthenon of Athens, Greece

by | May 28, 2022 | Culture | 0 comments

The word acropolis comes from two ancient Greek words. These words translate to the highest point of the city. The Ancient Acropolis of Athens, Greece, is home to the standing remains of historically significant buildings. The most notable structure still standing there is the Parthenon of ancient Greece.

The Parthenon, dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, began construction in 447 BC. Construction reached completion in 438 BC though decoration continued to 432 BC. The Parthenon in Athens is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece.


The Ancient Acropolis and Parthenon of Athens, Greece are two of the most iconic and recognizable landmarks in the world. These ancient structures have stood the test of time and continue to captivate visitors with their beauty and rich history.

The Acropolis, which means “high city” in Greek, is a rocky hill that towers over the city of Athens. It was first inhabited in the Neolithic period, around 4000-3000 BC, and has been used as a sacred site ever since. The first temples on the Acropolis were built in the 6th century BC, but the most famous and enduring structure on the hill is the Parthenon.

The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC and is dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patron goddess of Athens. It was designed by the famous Greek architects Ictinus and Callicrates and adorned with sculptures by Phidias. The temple served as a treasury, a center of worship, and a symbol of Athens’ cultural and political power.

Over the centuries, the Acropolis and the Parthenon were damaged by wars, earthquakes, and looting. In the Middle Ages, the Parthenon was converted into a church, and later a mosque during Ottoman rule. In the 19th century, extensive restoration work was undertaken, and the Parthenon was restored to its former glory.

Today, the Acropolis and the Parthenon are major tourist attractions, drawing millions of visitors from around the world each year. They are also recognized as symbols of Western civilization and the birthplace of democracy.

The history of the Acropolis and the Parthenon is a testament to the enduring legacy of ancient Greece and its impact on Western culture. These structures have stood for over 2,500 years and continue to inspire and awe visitors with their beauty and history.

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